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Cophylogenetic signal is detectable in pollination interactions across ecological scales

Center for Integrative Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA

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Center for Integrative Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA

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Center for Integrative Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

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Corresponding Author

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Corresponding author; e‐mail: E-mail address: daniel.stouffer@canterbury.ac.nz
First published: 22 July 2017
https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1955
Cited by: 1

Corresponding Editor: Matthew L. Forister

That evolutionary history can influence the way that species interact is a basic tenet of evolutionary ecology. However, when the role of evolution in determining ecological interactions is investigated, focus typically centers on just one side of the interaction. A cophylogenetic signal, the congruence of evolutionary history across both sides of an ecological interaction, extends these previous explorations and provides a more complete picture of how evolutionary patterns influence the way species interact. To date, cophylogenetic signal has most typically been studied in interactions that occur between fine taxonomic clades that show high intimacy. In this study, we took an alternative approach and made an exhaustive assessment of cophylogeny in pollination interactions. To do so, we assessed the strength of cophylogenetic signal at four distinct scales of pollination interaction: (1) across plant–pollinator associations globally, (2) in local pollination communities, (3) within the modular structure of those communities, and (4) in individual modules. We did so using a globally distributed dataset comprised of 54 pollination networks, over 4000 species, and over 12,000 interactions. Within these data, we detected cophylogenetic signal at all four scales. Cophylogenetic signal was found at the level of plant–pollinator interactions on a global scale and in the majority of pollination communities. At the scale defined by the modular structure within those communities, however, we observed a much weaker cophylogenetic signal. Cophylogenetic signal was detectable in a significant proportion of individual modules and most typically when within‐module phylogenetic diversity was low. In sum, the detection of cophylogenetic signal in pollination interactions across scales provides a new dimension to the story of how past evolution shapes extant pollinator–angiosperm interactions.

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Volume 98 , Issue 10

October 2017

Pages 2640-2652

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